Mileage (MPG) = Miles Traveled / Gallons of Gasoline Used
Fill up your vehicle’s tank and reset the odometer to zero. Then, after your next fill up,
divide the number of miles on the odometer by the gallons of gasoline used.
You can help improve your gas mileage by following these steps:
• Inflate tires to the recommended pounds per square inch (PSI)
• Use air conditioning at higher speeds and roll your windows down at lower speeds
• Use cruise control
• Don’t drive with heavy rear cargo
• Use overdrive gears
• Maintain your vehicle’s maintenance
Not necessarily. Higher octane gas is meant for use by vehicles that require more volatile gas, or for engines that would knock or ping with lower octane gasoline.
Fuel economy helps save money and reduces oil dependency.
Larger vehicles, including trucks, vans and SUVs, are heavy machines that require larger engines. Larger engines require more fuel, thus larger vehicles have lower fuel efficiency. Smaller vehicles, including cars and sedans, are lighter and more aerodynamic machines. They operate on smaller engines that require less fuel, thus smaller vehicles generally have higher fuel efficiency.
The EPA uses vehicle test data from the EPA’s National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and by vehicle manufacturers who submit their own test data to the EPA. (For more information, visit www.epa.gov/otaq/cert/mpg/data.htm)
In December 2006, EPA issued updated test methods to determine the fuel economy estimates that appear on the window stickers of all new cars and light trucks sold in the U.S., beginning with 2008 models. The new methods more accurately account for actual driving conditions that can lower fuel economy, such as high speed, aggressive driving, use of air conditioning, and cold temperature operation as well as road grade, wind, tire pressure, load, and the effects of different fuel properties. The new estimates give drivers a better estimate of the fuel economy they are likely to achieve on the road. (For more information, visit www.epa.gov/otaq/cert/mpg/data.htm).
The labels differ depending on the type of fuel the vehicle uses. For gasoline and diesel vehicles, the label provides the following information:
Fuel Economy: Miles per gallon (MPG) estimates. The combined City/Highway estimate is the most prominent to allow quick and easy comparison to other vehicles.
Comparable Fuel Economy: Information to compare the vehicle’s fuel economy to other vehicles in the same category (e.g., among all small SUVs) and to find out the highest fuel economy among all vehicles.
Fuel Consumption Rate: The estimated rate of fuel consumption, in gallons per 100 miles, for combined city and highway driving. Unlike MPG, consumption relates directly to the amount of fuel used, and thus to fuel expenditures.
Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Rating: One-to-ten rating comparing the vehicle’s fuel economy and tailpipe carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to those of all other new vehicles, where a rating of 10 is best.
CO2 Emissions Information: Tailpipe CO2 emissions in grams per mile for combined city and highway driving and the emissions of the vehicle with lowest CO2 emissions.
Smog rating: A one-to-ten rating based on exhaust emissions that contribute to air pollution.
Fuel Costs: An estimate of how much more (or less) the vehicle will cost to fuel over five years relative to the average new vehicle, as well as its estimated annual fuel cost.
Website URL: The website, www.fueleconomy.gov, provides additional information and tools that allow consumers to compare different vehicles.
Smartphone interactive tool: A symbol (also known as a QR Code®) that smartphones can read to reach a website that will provide additional and customizable information about the vehicle. (To view the labels and for more information on the labels for advanced technology vehicles, visit www.epa.gov/otaq/cert/mpg/data.htm)
1. E85 is 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline. Find E85 stations near you.
2. EPA estimated MPG 15 city/21 hwy. with the 5.3L V8 engine. Based on 2011 GM Large Pickup Segment.
3. EPA est. MPG (2WD/4WD) 20 city/ 23 hwy.
4. EPA est. MPG (2WD/4WD) 20 city/ 23 hwy. Based on 2011 GM Large Pickup segment.
5. EPA estimated MPG 15 city/21 hwy. Based on 2011 GM Large SUV Segment.
6. EPA est. MPG 20 city/23 hwy. Based on 2011 GM Large Utility Segment.
7. Based on new EPA estimates.
8. EPA estimated MPG (2WD) 32 hwy. Based on 2011 GM Compact SUV-Crossover segment.
9. Up to 600 miles. Based on 2011 GM Compact SUV-Crossover segment.
10. Sierra 1500 with 5.3L V8 engine EPA est. MPG (2WD) 15 city/21 highway; (4WD) 13 city/18 hwy. Sierra 1500 with 6.2L V8 engine EPA est. MPG (2WD) 13 city/18 highway; (AWD) 12 city/18 highway. Sierra Hybrid with 6.2L V8 engine EPA est. MPG (2WD) 20 city/23 highway; (4WD) 20 city/23 hwy. Yukon and Yukon XL models with 5.3L V8 engine EPA est. MPG (2WD) 15 city/21 highway; (4WD) 15 city/21 highway. Yukon Hybrid & Yukon Denali Hybrid models with 6.0L V8 engine EPA est. MPG (2WD) 20 city/23 highway; (4WD) 20 city/23 highway. Yukon Denali and Yukon Denali Hybrid models with 6.2L V8 engine EPA est. MPG 14 city/18 highway; (AWD) 13 city/18 highway.
11. Based on the 2011 GM Large Pickup segment. EPA est. hwy.: Sierra XFE 22 MPG/Sierra Hybrid 23 MPG, Tundra 20 MPG, F-150 21 MPG, Ram 20 MPG.
12. Yukon Hybrid 2WD with EPA estimated MPG 20 city/23 highway. Sierra Hybrid 2WD with EPA estimated MPG 20 city/23 highway.
13. Maximum payload capacity includes weight of driver, passengers, optional equipment and cargo and 6,100 lbs of trailering capacity. (Maximum trailer weight ratings are calculated assuming a base vehicle, except for any options necessary to achieve the rating, passengers and cargo will reduce the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow. See your GMC dealer for details).
14. EPA est. MPG 20 city Sierra Hybrid; 13 city Ram 4WD; 13 city Tundra 4WD and up to 66% more fuel efficient in the city than the Ford F-150.
15. EPA est. MPG (2WD/4WD) 20 city/ 23 hwy.
16. EPA est. MPG 20 city/23 hwy. Based on 2011 GM Large Utility Segment.
17. EPA est. MPG 20 city. Based on 2011 GM Large Utility Segment.
18. EPA est. MPG Yukon 20 city, Toyota Sienna 19 City (4 cyl) & 18 City (6 cyl)
19. EPA est. MPG 20 15 city vs city.
20. EPA est. MPG 20 city/23 hwy 2WD. Based on 2011 GM Large Utility Segment.