A gooseneck hitch is unique from other hitches because it actually mounts in the bed of the pickup truck, rather than the rear of the tow vehicle. A gooseneck hitch is similar to a fifth-wheel hitch, except that it consists of a ball extending from an underbed mount to connect the trailer. This does, of course, only work for gooseneck trailers that have a coupler in a vertical tube attached to the bottom of the trailer frame overhang.
Like conventional receiver-style hitches, the gooseneck hitch has specific weight requirements and standards that must be followed to safely tow a trailer. For instance, this type of hitch system requires a strong, sturdy pickup truck. Using a gooseneck hitch provides for more stable trailer towing. For instance, a conventional trailer adds weight behind the rear wheels.
Maneuvering a gooseneck trailer is also much easier than a conventional trailer. For instance, backing into a space is much easier, and in situations where making a U-turn is necessary, those using a gooseneck hitch find that maneuvering the truck is much smoother. This of course, also makes it easier to make turns with a tight radius, making it easier to get into alleyways, or small side streets.
The gooseneck hitch also offers a much better load distribution than a conventional hitch. For instance, a tow vehicle can typically accept about 10 to 15 percent tongue weight, but while using a gooseneck hitch, this can be as much as 25 percent. Generally speaking, your truck can typically haul a heavier load in a gooseneck trailer than in a conventional trailer.